The term "Season" is both the generic term used by the Institut français to describe this model of cultural engineering, and the most common of its three formats:
- Years usually last 10 to 12 months;
- Seasons usually last 5 to 8 months;
- Festivals usually last 2 to 4 months.
A “Season” can be shared simultaneously or consecutively between the two countries (e.g. The France-China, France-Brazil, France-Russia and France-Korea Years).
The Tandems format, inaugurated in 2011 with the City of Paris (The Paris-Buenos Aires, Paris-Berlin, Dakar-Paris, Paris-London, and Paris-New York Tandems) promotes City-to-City dialogue, over a year or through a festival.